The straight bar horseshoe has a piece of metal between the horse's heels to protect the heels and bulbs on the feet. These are for horses who need more support in that area. For example, horses with sheared heels, white line disease, or quarter cracks benefit from this kind of shoe.
The regular horseshoe has grooves – called “fullers” – where the nail holes lie and are simply a channel that allows space for the nailheads to sit so that they are more secure. This type of shoe is said to be “fullered.”
The “heart bar shoe” or “frog support shoe” is a versatile therapeutic application that offers relief to afflicted horses from a variety of conditions. Heart bar shoes are used to treat several different diseases of the foot. Heart bar shoes have been used for many years.
The Half Swedge is made to compliment the Full Swedge and is made in a wider web section to provide comfort and support. The nail placement and pattern are carefully designed to accommodate the frequent shoeing of Standardbreds.
An egg bar is a shoe where the branches are connected to make a horseshoe look like an egg. There are two major reasons for using this shoe: Provide more posterior support. Add more posterior flotation.
Barrel horses rarely go without horseshoes. Horseshoes function by protecting the hoof wall from wearing down due to the heavy impact and concussion that is an unavoidable part of running barrels. Aluminum shoes have both advantages and disadvantages that you should consider before you make a final decision on the type of shoes you want to use. The amount of work your horse does and the level at which you are competing will affect your decision.