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COMMUNITY

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RESOURCES

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GLOSSARY

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EQUIPMENT

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Equipment

Anvil

A blacksmith’s anvil is a large block of iron, which is to say forged steel or in some much older anvils wrought iron, but sometimes and usually in cheaper anvils, cast iron. It has a flat rectangular top surface for working metal referred to as the face which is made of hardened steel, on many anvils this can be a separate piece welded to the top of the body of the anvil.

Farriers Knife

The farrier uses this specialized knife to cut out excess sole and frog in the feet of the horse. Both left-handed and right-handed versions of this knife are available, allowing the farrier to use the appropriate hand depending on the side of the horse he is working on.

Hoof Nippers

Hoof Nipper are used to cut the hoof wall down to the correct length and to cut off any excessive or damaged sole or hoof area to reduce the need for extra rasping. Skilled farriers use hoof nippers to remove not only the overgrown hoof, but also to bevel the edge of the hoof to reduce the amount of rasping that is required.

Hoof tester

A hoof tester is used to determine the location of a painful area in the foot of a lame horse and is an important tool for veterinarians. It is more specific than tapping the hoof with a hammer. A hoof tester may be used to locate bruised or punctured areas of the foot, or to diagnose foot bone diseases or injuries.

Horseshoe Pullers

This tool looks like a hoof nipper, but is larger. It is used to pull off the horse's shoe or shoes when necessary. Before using this tool, the farrier will unclinch the nails used a clinching block prior to pulling. This reduces the damage that would otherwise occur in pulling a shoe with the clinches still holding fast.

Rasp

This is a multi-purpose tool that all farriers use. It is like a nail file for horses and enables the farrier to keep the horse's hooves even and level if unshod or lightly rasp any hoof that overhangs a shoe.